EUNIS revision of coastal, mires, inland sparsely or unvegetated habitats, cultivated and other man-made habitats - consultation

Consultation deadline has been reached. Apply for reviewer rights

Comments are disabled since the deadline for this consultation has passed.




We are pleased to inform you that a proposed revision of the coastal habitats, the mires, bogs and fens, the inland unvegetated or sparsely vegetated habitats and the regularly or recently cultivated agricultural, horticultural and domestic habitats sections of the EUNIS habitat classification, levels 1-3, is now available for review up until 17 September 2018.

The EUNIS habitat classification is widely used and has been adopted as one of the reference code lists of the INSPIRE Directive Annex III, Habitats and Biotopes. However, the current classification mostly dates from 2004 (Davies, Moss & Hill, 2004). There have been frequent demands for an update to take into account our increasing knowledge and experience in using the classification.

An EIONET consultation for the revised marine section (section A) was held in summer 2015. Consultation for the forest and heath sections of the classification (sections G and F) followed in 2016 and for grasslands in 2017. The revised groups of forests and heaths are already publicly available as a file from the EEA web site and are available online using the EUNIS web application.


As a habitat expert, you are invited to participate in this online consultation.

The revised classification is given in a table attached below. A spreadsheet showing changes from the old classification, together with a crosslink to the European Red List of habitats, descriptions and a list of associated plant communities (where available) can be downloaded from this web page. The revision only concerns levels 1 to 3. If accepted, units at levels 4, 5 and 6 will be allocated to the appropriate level 3 unit and recoded.

There is no proposed revision of section J “Constructed, industrial and other artificial habitats” of the current EUNIS classification but you may comment on the existing types. Section I “Regularly or recently cultivated agricultural, horticultural and domestic habitats” is proposed to be renamed to “Vegetated man-made habitats” and include all artificial (ie created by man) habitats which are vegetated. This means that some man-made habitats previously included in forests, heaths and grasslands are proposed to be moved to section I.

The EEA is consulting with a range of stakeholders and users of the classification. Experts may provide comments for one or several habitat sections. Experts on forests, heaths and grasslands are also invited to participate in the consultation particularly for the group of vegetated man-made habitats. You can reply as individual or representing your organization. In the latter case, please indicate so in the relevant comments. 

NRC biodiversity data and information and the NRC biodiversity and ecosystems, indicators and assessment are also invited to participate. NFPs are kindly asked to take into consideration the imminent merging of the two NRCs to one NRC Biodiversity, in case this would have implications for this consultation. Should a colleague be better placed to respond to the consultation, you are welcome to forward this e-mail. People that have not received a direct invitation to participate to the consultation are welcome but are kindly asked to communicate first with EEA in order to receive a personalized link.

It is possible to upload files for background information. However, for the review only comments provided in the online tool will be processed. Please restrict your comments to levels 1 to 3. No codes have been given to the proposed classes at this point, these will be added later.

Data protection rules under EC Regulation No 45/2001 are applicable to this consultation. Please find below a Privacy Statement for your consideration.

If you have any questions regarding the consultation, please do not hesitate to get in contact with Eleni Tryfon ( and Doug Evans ( copying Mette Lund ( ).

Files attached to this consultation
Section Comments
Coastal – Dunes and sandy shores 6
Coastal – Shingle 3
Coastal - Rock cliffs, ledges and shores, including the supralittoral 3
Mires – Raised and blanket bogs 2
Mires - Valley mires, poor fens and transition mires 2
Mires - Aapa, palsa and polygon mires 0
Mires - Base-rich fens and calcareous spring mires 3
Inland sparse vegetation habitats - Terrestrial underground caves, cave systems, passages and waterbodies 3
Inland sparse vegetation habitats – Screes 2
Inland sparse vegetation habitats - Inland cliffs, rock pavements and outcrops 3
Inland sparse vegetation habitats - Snow or ice-dominated habitats 2
Inland sparse vegetation habitats - Miscellaneous inland habitats usually with very sparse or no vegetation 3
Inland sparse vegetation habitats - Recent volcanic features 0
Man-made habitats - Arable land and market gardens 4
Man-made habitats - Cultivated areas of gardens and parks 1
Man-made habitats - Artificial grasslands and herb dominated habitats 3
Man-made habitats – Hedgerows 2
Man-made habitats - Shrub plantations 1
Man-made habitats - Tree dominated man made habitats 7
Artificial habitats - Buildings of cities, towns and villages 2
Artificial habitats - Low density buildings 1
Artificial habitats - Extractive industrial sites 0
Artificial habitats - Transport networks and other constructed hard-surfaced areas 1
Artificial habitats - Highly artificial man-made waters and associated structures 0
Artificial habitats - Waste deposits 1