Table of contents

1.1.3. Outline

This report is structured as follows.

Chapter 1 describes the context, purpose and scope of this report. It also defines key terms used throughout the report.

Chapter 2 provides an overview of the current status of the energy system in Europe, including its interaction with other systems and sectors. It also reviews how key EU climate and energy policies and other drivers are expected to affect the energy system in the future, including relevant scenarios.

Chapter 3 sets out with an overview of past and projected climate change across European regions. It then describes the main impacts of these changes on the European energy system. The final section of this chapter summarises the main impacts of climate change on each energy system component and related adaptation options.

Chapter 4 focusses on adaptation actions that can address the previously identified impacts of climate change on the current and future energy system. The chapter begins with a discussion of the main types of adaptation action and the key actors involved. A particular focus is laid on the role of governments and how they can help overcome common barriers for adaptation. The remainder of the chapter is devoted to a review of the main adaptation policies and actions by the EU, national governments, international organisations, and other public and non-state actors. The chapter closes with a presentation of several adaptation case studies by various private actors from the energy sector.

Chapter 5 summaries the main policy-relevant findings of this report. In particular, it reflects how targeted actions by the EU, national governments and other actors can help building a climate-resilient European energy system now and in the future in the context of the clean energy transition.

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