Post a comment on the text below

Heating and cooling form a major share in the final energy demand

Space heating and cooling account for roughly half of the total final energy demand (Heat Roadmap, 2017). A large share of the energy consumption in the built environment (residential and tertiary) and industry is for heating purposes. The use of low-temperature heat for heating in the built environment accounts for 27 % of the total final energy consumption in the EU. Gas is the primary fuel used for this purpose. An additional 16 % of the final energy consumption is used for process heating in industry. In industry, 72 % of the total final energy demand is used for process heating (Heat Roadmap, 2017). This heat is primarily produced from natural gas (3 9%), coal (17 %), and other fossil fuels (19 %). The remainder comes from renewable sources, and the type of fuel used varies highly across industrial sectors. For high temperature process heating, hardly any renewable sources are used. Cooling, whether for industrial processes or in buildings, is currently a relatively small part of final energy demand. Currently cooling demand in the EU accounts for a mere 1.2 % of energy use in buildings (2016 data); however, it has undergone an impressive increase from 63 TWh in 1990 to 152 TWh in 2016 (IEA, 2018b) .

You cannot post comments to this consultation because you are not authenticated. Please log in.