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4.4.3. Standardisation organisations

Appropriate technical standards can assist infrastructure providers in alleviating the adverse impacts of climate change on the operational, financial, environmental and social performance of their infrastructure. This can be achieved by ensuring that infrastructure is climate resilient with sufficient safety margins. Climate-sensitive standards should be periodically revised in order to trace the development climate change.

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CEN-CENELEC are responsible for numerous product and service standards in the EU. They have taken up a mandate under Action 7 of the EU Adaptation Strategy to integrate climate change adaptation in technical standards (see Section 0) (CEN-CENELEC, 2018a). CEN-CENELEC have published a guide for addressing climate change adaptation in standards (CEN-CENELEC, 2016). This guide provides a checklist and decision tree in order to ensure that standards develop and enhance climate resilience. CEN-CENELEC are also reviewing and revising infrastructure-related standards. The first phase of revision reviewed many standards for adaptation relevance, from which 13 existing and one new standard were identified for pilot testing. Within the energy sector, three standards related to gas infrastructure (EN 16348, EN 15399 and EN 1473) were identified for revision. In the currently ongoing second phase, Technical Committees are revising these standards to ‘represent best practice in adaptation and resilience building’ (CEN-CENELEC, 2018a). A tailored guidance document is under development to support further consideration of adaptation to climate change in the future revision of existing standards, as well as development of new ones.

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CEN is also leading the revision of standards for electric appliances under the Ecodesign Directive and the Energy Labelling Regulation, which mandate minimum energy efficiency standards and energy performance labels for appliances (EU, 2009, 2017). Of particular relevance in the context of this report are efficiency standards for air conditioners, the use of which is projected to grow rapidly as a result of climate change and socio-economic developments (see Section 3.5). These standards have been adapted recently by CEN (EU, 2012; EC, 2018g).

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The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) has several working groups that are involved in the development of standards for climate change mitigation and adaptation (ISO, 2018). For example, the forthcoming ISO 14090 ‘Adaptation to climate change – Principles, requirements and guidelines’ aims to assist organisations preparing for climate change by implementing necessary measures to improve their resilience (ISO, 2018). None of the standards under development addresses specifically climate change adaptation in the energy system.

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