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4.4.4. Energy regulators

The Council of European Union Energy Regulators (CEER) is the voice of Europe’s national energy regulatory authorities (NRAs). It gives regulators a platform to share their experiences, develop regulatory capacities and best practices through workshops, events and training. Recent workshops organised by CEER have addressed, among others, security of supply, integration of renewable energy into the energy system, digitalisation and battery storage. Climate change has been an important topic in previous annual reports, though from a mitigation rather than adaptation perspective (CEER, 2012). The work of national energy regulators is supported by the European Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER).

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The European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG) is an independent expert advisory group composed of senior officials from nuclear safety, radioactive waste safety and radiation protection regulatory authorities. ENSREG aims to provide improvements to nuclear safety and radioactive waste management through cooperation with Member States, improving transparency on nuclear waste and safety issues, and by providing advice to the European Commission. ENSREG also assist in the development of safety margins of nuclear power plants and the review of the response of nuclear facilities to extreme situations (including climate change-related events such as flooding) through the ‘EU stress test’ (ENSREG, 2012). Through the development of guidelines, measures to increase the robustness of plants have taken place. These include the deployment of climate information services, hardening of equipment, improvement of severe accident management, and specific training measures.

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