Post a comment on the text below


GAIA- Green Area Inner-city Agreement to finance tree planting in Bologna


Source: city of Bolgna






386,633   (2015)

Climate Impact(s)



Adaptation measures financed

  •   Green spaces in urban areas
  •   Tree planting

Financing source(s)


Private   investors


EU and   municipal funds

Financing type(s)

Direct funding   of measure that offset greenhouse gas emissions and, as a co-benefit, serve   adaptation

Financing mechanism(s)

GHG emissions   compensation scheme, EU LIFE funding mechanism

Summary   Description: The Bologna Adaptation   Plan to Climate Change focuses on the development of innovative, concrete   adaptation measures. These measures were developed as part of the LIFE+   project BLUE AP). One of the successful initiatives from this project is the   “green areas inner-city agreement” (GAIA). GAIA was based on a public-private   partnership model to finance tree planting. The mechanism is based on the   idea to use financial compensation for the carbon footprint of businesses as   a main driver for action. The financial compensation is used to purchase,   plant and maintain trees throughout the city providing adaptation benefits.   Participation of the town council and local businesses in the GAIA initiative   is on a voluntary basis. An easy-to-use form on the project website allows   businesses to calculate the quantity of CO2 involved in their processes and   services. The business can select one of 3 types of partnerships they would   like to purchase to neutralize their carbon footprint ranging from minimum   200 EUR to 4200 EUR or more. The city of Bologna has developed clear   guidelines that detail the different steps that need to be taken in the   process and which party is responsible. The city identifies the cost   components, approves the Protocol of Agreement, takes the initiative to start   the planting works and pays the tree suppliers. The city also commits to   providing a monitoring report every 6 months from the start of the   partnership. A guideline has been developed with the project detailing these   steps involved to aid other municipalities or authorities that want to   implement the partnership in their own city.

Main Challenge for implementation:   Three orders of problems had to be solved,   which regarded the identification of spaces for tree planting within the   densely built up urban area, the definition of legal terms for the public   private partnership to be established between private enterprises and the   public authority and the identification of suitable tree species which need   to be sufficiently resilient with respect to future climate conditions   (avoiding irrigation requirements and resisting to high and low temperatures)   and having a low allergenic potential. The latter was tackled by a scientific   research developed by one of the project partners and led to new   recommendations for the choice of plant species introduced into the municipal   byelaw for urban green areas.  

Main success factor for implementation: Voluntary interest by companies to compensate their   CO2 emissions


Environment and   Energy Department



QR code


You cannot post comments to this consultation because you are not authenticated. Please log in.