1.3 State of the art - The adaptation platform landscape

The adaptation platform landscape in Europe is dynamic and varied as the number and scope of such platforms are increasing. There are a variety of adaptation platforms operating within Europe with remits for providing climate adaptation information and knowledge at the national, transnational or European levels. These different platforms have varied histories and tenures that are reflected in the breadth of services provided and their respective operational and business models.

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In all cases these web-based platforms are seen as a means of enabling and empowering adaptation actions through providing a platform for sharing information and knowledge and thereby increasing the ‘visibility’ and understanding of adaptation. The information and knowledge shared includes results of adaptation research, guidance; supportive data, information and tools; policy actions at the transnational, national and sub-national levels; experiences from practice and implemented adaptation actions (e.g., case studies). In addition, some platforms are also used as a forum to engage experts. For example, Spain uses their platform to enable experts and decision makers to work on documents and to actively exchange experiences.

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As discussed above the multiplicity of providers with overlapping remits regarding content and geographic coverage) present both challenges and opportunities. Addressing these challenges and opportunities requires as a first step an understanding of the adaptation platform landscape in terms of the scope of the services provided, operational and business models, and future plans.

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The following analysis is intended to present that landscape as a basis for better understanding and addressing the above-mentioned challenges and opportunities. The information used to undertake this analysis (see Annex 2) was assembled based on the information provided during the following three events:

  • CIRCLE-2 / EEA Experts meeting on “National Adaptation Platforms” (Copenhagen, 19th June 2013)[1];
  • CIRCLE-2 / EEA Workshop on “Adaptation Platforms in Europe: Addressing challenges and sharing lessons” (Vienna, November 2013)[2]; and
  • EEA Expert workshop on “Climate change adaptation platforms” (Copenhagen, 23rd June 2014)[3].

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The national and transnational adaptation platforms identified during these workshops are those comprising the European adaptation platform landscape at the time of this report (see Table 1.3.1). Information collected during the workshops was confirmed and updated based on discussions with the platform managers and owners organised and arranged by ETC CCA during 2014 (see Annex 3).

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Table 1.3.1       Adaptation Platforms considered within this report

Adaptation Platforms

Title

Web-Link

National

Austria

Klimawandelanpassung.at (Austrian Adaptation Platform)

http://www.klimawandelanpassung.at/

Denmark

Klimatilpasning.dk (Danish National Adaptation Platform)

www.klimatilpasning.dk/

Finland

Climate Guide (Finish Adaptation Platform)

www.climateguide.fi 

France

Observatoire National sur les Effets du Réchauffement Climatique (ONERC)

 (French National Adaptation Platform)

 http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/-Impacts-et-adaptation-ONERC-.html)

Germany

KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany (German National Adaptation Platform)

www.anpassung.net  (http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/topics/climate-energy/climate-impacts-adaptation)

Hungary

Climate Dialogue Forum (Hungarian National Adaptation Platform)

http://klimadialogus.mfgi.hu

Ireland

Climate Ireland (Irish National Adaptation Platform)

www.climateireland.ie

The Netherlands

Dutch Adaptation Knowledge/Spatial Adaptation Portal

http://www.climateadaptationservices.com/nl/

Norway

Klimatilpasning.no (Norwegian Climate Adaptation Portal)

www.klimatilpasning.no

Poland

KLIMADA Adaptation Platform (The Polish National Adaptation Platform)

http://klimada.mos.gov.pl/en/

Spain

AdapteCCa.es (Spanish National Adaptation Platform)

www.adaptecca.es

Sweden

Klimatilpassning.se (Swedish Portal for Climate Change Adaptation)

www.klimatanpassning.se

Switzerland

BAFU Thema Anpassung an den Klimawandel (Swiss Information Platform on Adaptation to Climate Change)

http://www.bafu.admin.ch/klimaanpassung/

United Kingdom

Gov. UK Adapting to Climate change ((including Climate Support Service by the Environment Agency

https://www.gov.uk/governm/policies/adapting-to-climate-change

Transnational

Pyrenees

Observatoire Pyrénéen du Changement Climatique; OPCC (Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory)

www.oopcc-ctp.org

Alpine Region

Klimaportal Alpenkonvention

http://www.alpconv.org/de/ClimatePortal/default.html  

 

 

C3-Alps Knowledge Inventory Platform

http://www.c3alps.eu/kip

European

European Environment Agency

Climate-ADAPT

www.climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu

  • zollemar (Martina Zoller) 20 Mar 2015 14:44:19

    Column "Web-link": "https://" should be deleted if not necessesary (e.g. for the Swiss platform: www.bafu.admin.ch/klimaanpassung is sufficient).

    • downicla (Clare Downing) 24 Mar 2015 14:57:08

      Addressed "https://" deleted. However, It is the hyperlink address that has been copied so even though I have deleted it in the text it may still appear in the hyperlink.

      Column "Web-link": "https://" should be deleted if not necessesary (e.g. for the Swiss platform: www.bafu.admin.ch/klimaanpassung is sufficient).

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 26 Mar 2015 14:54:40

    We advise to add to the report information on the Baltic See Region Adaptation to climate change activities and include Baltic Window platform.

     http://www.baltadapt.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=96&Itemid=171

     Stasile Znutiene
    Pollution Prevention Department
    Head of the Climate Change Policy Division
    Phone number: +370 706 61867
    E-mail: s.znutiene@am.lt
    _______________________________________
    MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
    A. Jakšto g. 4/9, LT-01105 Vilnius, Lithuania.

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 26 Mar 2015 14:57:47

    Please see comment addressing the same comment under section 1.3.1 para 2.

  • Maxi Nachtigall (invited by Kati Mattern) 30 Mar 2015 14:42:21

    Please note that there is also a transnational adaptation platfrom developed for the Baltic Sea region as Europe's first macro-region.This transnational platform called baltic Window was developed within the transational project Baltadapt, www.baltadapt.org funded by the EU IV B Baltic Sea Region Programme (transnational ETC programme/ INTERREG) in the years 2010 - 2013 (implementation period 2011 - 2013). However, the platform is not developed as a stand-alone website but was from the beginning planned to be integrated into the EU CLIMATE-ADAPT platform as a sub-section. http://www.baltadapt.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=96&Itemid=171

    Please double check with the comment by Lithuania.

    • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 10:16:06

      Addressed - text added to tables 1.3.1, 1.3.2 and 1.3.3

      Please note that there is also a transnational adaptation platfrom developed for the Baltic Sea region as Europe's first macro-region.This transnational platform called baltic Window was developed within the transational project Baltadapt, www.baltadapt.org funded by the EU IV B Baltic Sea Region Programme (transnational ETC programme/ INTERREG) in the years 2010 - 2013 (implementation period 2011 - 2013). However, the platform is not developed as a stand-alone website but was from the beginning planned to be integrated into the EU CLIMATE-ADAPT platform as a sub-section. http://www.baltadapt.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=96&Itemid=171

      Please double check with the comment by Lithuania.

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 01 Apr 2015 13:17:26

    Addressed.

    We have added the Baltic Window (linked via Climate Adapt) into the tables within the report and some descriptive text within section 1.3

    There are web-based information portals for transnational regions, other regions and countries within Climate Adapt (http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/transnational-regions).  For example, the Baltic Window is one such web-based portal. It provides information on the policy framework, essential organisations, and core documents as the proposal for a BSR-wide Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan developed within the Baltadapt project. It also includes information on impacts and vulnerabilities, and adaptation actions happening in the region. The baltadapt project www.baltadapt.org was funded by the EU IV B Baltic Sea Region Programme (transnational ETC programme/ INTERREG) from 2011 to 2013.

  • callusab (Sabine McCallum) 01 Apr 2015 17:23:56

    Please note that the Alpine adaptation portal, which has been prepared by the C3-Alps project, has been launched and is being marketed under the following name:

    Climate Adaptation Platform for the Alps (CAPA)

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 02 Apr 2015 14:31:46

    Addressed.

    All references to the platform changed to CAPA. All references to the project remain as C3-Alps.

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 02 Apr 2015 14:32:37

    from Sanna Luhtala

    Page 19, Table 1.3.1

    [Row about Finland: Climate Guide (Finish Adaptation Platform]

     

    Comment: Climateguide.fi is not only adaptation platform and but a climate platform, but if you wish to use the former term for the purpose of this, then it’s ok.

    • Two typos on the 2nd column (name of the portal, focus of the portal and the word Finnish)]:

    Climateguide.fi (Finnish Climate Platform)

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 02 Apr 2015 14:33:49

    Adressed.

    Finnish Adaptation Platform remains as it is consistent with all other platforms that are refered to in the report.

  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 16:34:10

    UK (Rosalind West) change Gov.UK Adapting to Climate change ((including climate support Service by the Environment Agency to GOV.UK climate change adaptation pages (includng Climate Ready Support Service delivered by the Environment Agency)

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 16:34:37

      Addressed - changes made to table

      UK (Rosalind West) change Gov.UK Adapting to Climate change ((including climate support Service by the Environment Agency to GOV.UK climate change adaptation pages (includng Climate Ready Support Service delivered by the Environment Agency)

  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:01:57

    Jelena Milos - For the row on Climate-Adapt,  please add the European Commission to the EEA

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:02:26

      Addressed - text added to table

      Jelena Milos - For the row on Climate-Adapt,  please add the European Commission to the EEA

  • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 09:58:05

    Hasse Goosen -

    In the text, the Dutch portal is referred to as www.climateadaptationservices.com. However the correct link to the portal should be www.ruimtelijkeadaptatie.nl/en/

     

    The Climate Adaptation Services team is the foundation which developed and now maintains the portal.

    • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 09:58:30

      Addressed - Text changed in table

      Hasse Goosen -

      In the text, the Dutch portal is referred to as www.climateadaptationservices.com. However the correct link to the portal should be www.ruimtelijkeadaptatie.nl/en/

       

      The Climate Adaptation Services team is the foundation which developed and now maintains the portal.

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Most of the platforms in the Member states listed in the table are owned or supported by the national authorities in lead of the adaptation policy at national level. There are additional adaptation platforms in Europe beyond those considered in this report. Within some Member states (e.g., France, Germany and the UK) there are several platforms operating reflecting the diversity of organisations involved and the nature of adaptation within those different Member states.

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For example, in the UK adaptation is a responsibility at the UK government and the devolved administration, with adaptation services being disseminated by a range of partner organisations operating at the UK-level (Gov.uk [4] and Climate UK[5]). There is a government website with information on the adaptation policy context[6] The Environment Agency does not host its own adaptation platform, but provides the Climate Ready Support on this website. It delivers its information and resources also through partner organisations such as Climate-UK and Climate Local[7]. Adaptation information and knowledge are as well disseminated in each of Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales, and supporting local authorities, as well as UKCIP[8] as the original nationally-supported adaptation platform.   

  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 16:43:34

    UK (Rosalind West) - requested the following change to the paragraph:

    “For example, in the UK adaptation is a responsibility of the UK government and the devolved administrations, with adaptation services being disseminated by a range of partner organisations operating at the UK-level (Gov.uk36 and Climate UK37). UK government policy and information on adapting to climate change are provided on the UK government website38, including information on the Environment Agency Climate Ready Support Service. The Environment Agency does not host its own adaptation platform, but delivers its information and resources through partner organisations such as Climate-UK and Climate Local39. Adaptation information and knowledge are also disseminated in each of Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales, and supporting local authorities, as well as UKCIP40 as the original nationally-supported adaptation platform.”

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 16:44:01

      Addressed - text changed accordingly

      UK (Rosalind West) - requested the following change to the paragraph:

      “For example, in the UK adaptation is a responsibility of the UK government and the devolved administrations, with adaptation services being disseminated by a range of partner organisations operating at the UK-level (Gov.uk36 and Climate UK37). UK government policy and information on adapting to climate change are provided on the UK government website38, including information on the Environment Agency Climate Ready Support Service. The Environment Agency does not host its own adaptation platform, but delivers its information and resources through partner organisations such as Climate-UK and Climate Local39. Adaptation information and knowledge are also disseminated in each of Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales, and supporting local authorities, as well as UKCIP40 as the original nationally-supported adaptation platform.”

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France has the platform of the National observatory of the effects of climate change (ONERC)[9], which presents the information and knowledge on adaptation at national level. An additional tool Wiklimat[10], accessible from the same platform has been launched in 2013 as the “local window” of the national platform to involve regional decision makers in the adaptation process.

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In the case of Germany, there are more than one adaptation platform on the national level. There is the platform of the Federal Environment Agency, which is supporting the Federal Ministry on the Environment leading the adaptation policy process in Germany. Furthermore, there is the Klimanavigtor[11] that is funded by the Federal Ministry on Research and Development. Klimanavigtor serves as a directory to the climate change and adaptation related research institutions and provides comprehensive dossiers on adaptation related research results in a user-friendly language.

  • mahrepet (Petra Mahrenholz) 25 Mar 2015 14:55:46

    A new text for the section - please replace:

    In the case of Germany, there are more than one adaptation platform on the national level. There is the platform of the Federal Environment Agency (www.anpassung.net), which is supporting the Federal Ministry on the Environment leading the adaptation policy process in Germany. Furthermore there is the Klimanavigator (www.klimanavigator.de). The Climate Service Center 2.0 has launched the ‘Klimanavigator’ (Climate Navigator) in 2011, a national Web portal that guides users to climate research institutions and climate change information in a user-friendly language. This portal bundles and provides pathways to knowledge about climate and options for adaptation available mainly from academic sources. There ist also the German Climate Portal (www.deutschesklimaportal.de). It is hosted by the Deutscher Wetterdienst in close cooperation with its partners and is a key element in the national implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) in Germany. The German Climate Portal is a service and tool to facilitate access to shared and pooled climate expertise in Germany. It is tailored specifically to German structures and provides customised services to Germany's federal states (Länder) and the sectors identified in the German adaptation strategy.

    • downicla (Clare Downing) 26 Mar 2015 13:09:52

      Addressed: text has been replaced with

      In the case of Germany, there is more than one adaptation platform at the national level. There is the platform of the Federal Environment Agency (www.anpassung.net), which supports the Federal Ministry on the Environment the department that leads the adaptation policy process in Germany. Furthermore there is the Klimanavigator (www.klimanavigator.de). The Climate Service Center 2.0 launched the ‘Klimanavigator’ (Climate Navigator) in 2011, a national Web portal that guides users to climate research institutions and climate change information in a user-friendly language. This portal bundles information and provides pathways to knowledge about climate and options for adaptation available mainly from academic sources. There is also the German Climate Portal (www.deutschesklimaportal.de). It is hosted by the Deutscher Wetterdienst in close cooperation with its partners and is a key element in the national implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) in Germany. The German Climate Portal is a service and tool to facilitate access to shared and pooled climate expertise in Germany. It is tailored specifically to German structures and provides customised services to Germany's federal states (Länder) and the sectors identified in the German adaptation strategy.

      A new text for the section - please replace:

      In the case of Germany, there are more than one adaptation platform on the national level. There is the platform of the Federal Environment Agency (www.anpassung.net), which is supporting the Federal Ministry on the Environment leading the adaptation policy process in Germany. Furthermore there is the Klimanavigator (www.klimanavigator.de). The Climate Service Center 2.0 has launched the ‘Klimanavigator’ (Climate Navigator) in 2011, a national Web portal that guides users to climate research institutions and climate change information in a user-friendly language. This portal bundles and provides pathways to knowledge about climate and options for adaptation available mainly from academic sources. There ist also the German Climate Portal (www.deutschesklimaportal.de). It is hosted by the Deutscher Wetterdienst in close cooperation with its partners and is a key element in the national implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) in Germany. The German Climate Portal is a service and tool to facilitate access to shared and pooled climate expertise in Germany. It is tailored specifically to German structures and provides customised services to Germany's federal states (Länder) and the sectors identified in the German adaptation strategy.

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The varying mandates and lessons learned of multiple adaptation platforms in the Member states would require a more in-depth analysis of the different platforms, which is beyond the scope of this report. 

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The focus of the analysis has been placed on exploring the scope, history, business models, targeted users and funding models of the identified national, transnational and EU level platforms as well as their links to climate services and DRR platforms. These are areas where sharing knowledge and experiences would be most useful. The analysis is intended to inform owners and operators of national and transnational platforms in Europe.

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1.3.1        Scope and History

As shown in table 1.3.2 there are 14 EEA member countries that have some type of adaptation platform in place and in addition there are two transnational platforms and one at EU level.

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For various other transnational regions information is actually available on project web sites, such as EU funded Interreg projects. , (see also information on Climate-ADAPT[12]. For example there is much information provided for the Baltic Sea Region, for which a proposal for an adaptation strategy was developed and presented in 2014[13]. Also for various trans-boundary river basins climate change adaptation strategies and related information exists, such as for the Danube[14]. However such other ‘information web sites’ were not taken further into consideration in this report.

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 26 Mar 2015 14:55:15

    We advise to add to the report information on the Baltic See Region Adaptation to climate change activities and include Baltic Window platform.

     http://www.baltadapt.eu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=96&Itemid=171

     Stasile Znutiene
    Pollution Prevention Department
    Head of the Climate Change Policy Division
    Phone number: +370 706 61867
    E-mail: s.znutiene@am.lt
    _______________________________________
    MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
    A. Jakšto g. 4/9, LT-01105 Vilnius, Lithuania.

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 26 Mar 2015 14:56:37

    We intend to add some information about the history of the Baltic Window platform here.

  • Maxi Nachtigall (invited by Kati Mattern) 30 Mar 2015 14:49:48

    Please note that the proposal for a transnational adaptation strategy and action plan was presented to member states at the Baltadapt final conference in September 2013 in Riga, Latvia. Since December 2013 a follow-up policy process - the BSR climate dialogue platform is following-up on recommended actions and activities from the strategy and its action plan. The platform consists of all BSR countries, including Norway and Russia, relevant pan-Baltic and other INGOs as well as NGOs and scientists from the region.

    CBSS believes that taking into account these kind of platfroms and strategies would have been worth while considering that its development is based on the rather new European macro-regions approach and policy that will play a more important role in the future when it comes to integrated, cross-sectoral cooperation processes on issues like climate change and adaptation. It is a clear member state driven process.

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An analysis of the scope and history of the different adaptation platform shows the driving forces behind their establishment and the temporal nature when they were launched. The analysis shows that in all cases the platforms were launched as a means of supporting adaptive action on climate change. In most cases they supported or initiated the development or delivery of national adaptation strategies or plans (see Table 1.3.2). For example, in the case of Climate-ADAPT, its origin is within the ‘White Paper Adapting to climate change: Towards a European framework for action’. It is an integral component of the EU Strategy on Adaptation (Priority 2: Better informed decision-making, Action 5) (see Table 1.3.2).

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The timing of the development and launch of these platforms is often synchronised (leading or immediately following) with the launch and implementation of such national strategies or plans (see Table 1.3.3). This is the case for 7 out of the 14 of the countries with a platform: Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Poland, Spain, and Switzerland.

  • ruggejos (Jose Ramón Picatoste Ruggeroni) 30 Mar 2015 13:25:53

    In Spain, the National Adaptation Plan (PNACC) was published in 2006, our platform (adapteCCa.es) was launched in 2013, so probably this statement is not entirely correct

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 01 Apr 2015 13:21:47

    Addressed.

    Spain has been removed from this sentence.

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Table 1.3.2       Driving force behind establishing climate adaptation platforms

Adaptation Platforms

Driving Force

National

Austria

Developed as part of the participatory process to accompany and support the development of the Austrian NAS/NAP

Denmark

Initiative within the Danish Strategy on Climate Change Adaptation (2008)

Finland

Established to fulfil a perceived need to provide the research based climate change information that would be applicable in particular at the local (municipal) level

France

Launched in the framework of the French National Plan of Adaptation to Climate Change (NAPCC)

Germany

Develop and implement the German Adaptation Strategy and to identify ways towards a resilient strategy

Hungary

Created to exchange scientific information and policy on climate change and can serve as a partnership on climate policy as a forum

Ireland

One-stop web-based source information, data and resources to facilitate decision-makers in the development of adaptation plans

The Netherlands

The idea for the development of platform originated from the Delta programme and the Knowledge for Climate programme. The Delta Programme is an inter-governmental initiative, which involves the State, the ministry together with the provinces and the municipalities and is aimed to proactively protect the Netherlands against disasters. There are no links to the NAS (separate website linked to the NAS)

Norway

The platform aims to gather relevant knowledge and information about climate adaptation in one location. The portal is created mainly for planners and decision makers on local and regional level, but the information should be easily accessible and interesting for all who are engaged with what climate change will mean for the Norwegian society.

Poland

Need to support the implementation of the Polish National Adaptation Strategy – exchanging information, making information from relevant projects, reports, etc. available, and to create an official one-stop-shop for adaptation information in Poland

Spain

To reinforce the governance of the National Adaptation Plat to Climate Change (PNACC); providing a tool to exchange information and to enhance coordination among administrations and key stakeholders

Switzerland

Developed as part of the NAS to provide most relevant adaptation information and to sensitise target groups (administrative bodies on all levels and experts)

 

Sweden

Support society and citizens preparing for the consequences of climate change; increase interest and understanding of adaptation by serving as the national focal point on adaptation

United Kingdom

Gov.uk provides latest information on government action and policy on adapting to climate change within the UK. Sets out legal arrangements and includes links to key partner organisations.

UKCIP initially funded by government between 1997 and 2012 to stimulate understanding of impacts of climate change at the UK level and facilitate adaptation action

Climate Ready Support Service delivered by the Environment Agency provides tailored sector support to help the public sector and businesses in England adapt to climate change. It provides online tools and guidance through a range of partner platforms with local audiences, including Climate UK and Climate Local.

Trans-national

Alpine Region

The adaptation part of the Alpine convention website was developed in the frame of the action plan of measures for the alpine region. The C3 Alps platforms was an initiative by the C3-Alps project in response to the need to capitalise on and make available in a target group-oriented approach the increasing quantity of knowledge being funded by European and national programmes

Pyrenees

Strategic initiative of the Working Community of the Pyrenees to tackle climate change at the Pyrenean transnational bio-geographic region – to support decision making, raise awareness and capacity building

European

Climate-ADAPT

Supports and integral component of the EU Strategy on Adaptation

  • Eleni Karali (invited by Kati Mattern) 07 Apr 2015 16:44:20

    Norway: Page 22: change "one location" to on local and regional level"

    • Eleni Karali (invited by Kati Mattern) 07 Apr 2015 16:44:33

      Addressed

      Page 22: change "one location" to on local and regional level"

  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:05:01

    Jelena Milos - instead of 'Supports and integral component of the EU Strategy on Adaptation', it would be good to clarify the text by inserting 'Supports the implementation of and is an integral component of the EU Strategy on Adaptation'

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:05:20

      Addressed - text changed in table

      Jelena Milos - instead of 'Supports and integral component of the EU Strategy on Adaptation', it would be good to clarify the text by inserting 'Supports the implementation of and is an integral component of the EU Strategy on Adaptation'

  • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 09:43:20

    Gilles Chomat -

    "The adaptation part of the Alpine Convention website was developed in the frame of the action plan of measures for the alpine region" we would like to propose following formulation : ""The adaptation part of the Alpine Convention website was developed in the frame of its action plan consecrated to climate change in the alpine region"

    • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 09:43:38

      Addressed - text changed in table

      Gilles Chomat -

      "The adaptation part of the Alpine Convention website was developed in the frame of the action plan of measures for the alpine region" we would like to propose following formulation : ""The adaptation part of the Alpine Convention website was developed in the frame of its action plan consecrated to climate change in the alpine region"

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Table 1.3.3       Timing associated with development of Adaptation platforms

  • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 09:47:01

    Gilles Chomat - "Platform conceptual work in 2012 and launched in 2014. There is an additional portal on the Alpine Convention website supporting the Action Plan for Climate Change in the Alps"  we would like to propose following formulation : "There is an additional pre-existing portal on the Alpine Convention website supporting its Action Plan on Climate Change."

    • streerog (Roger Street) 08 Apr 2015 09:47:23

      Addressed - text changed in table

      Gilles Chomat - "Platform conceptual work in 2012 and launched in 2014. There is an additional portal on the Alpine Convention website supporting the Action Plan for Climate Change in the Alps"  we would like to propose following formulation : "There is an additional pre-existing portal on the Alpine Convention website supporting its Action Plan on Climate Change."

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As depicted in Table 1.3.3, the UKCIP platform, launched in 2000 has been active the longest while the majority of the national platforms were launched after 2007. The transnational and European platforms have been available since 2011. The experience in delivering these platforms is limited with only four platforms – United Kingdom (different organisations), Germany, Austria and Denmark – having more than three years of experience. Some countries have already started to evaluate their platforms that in some cases have led to a major restructurings of their respective platform (see sub-section 2.2. under monitoring, evaluating and improving a platform). Climate service platforms within Europe and globally have been in existence for many years in numerous forms (including prior to concerns related to climate change).  Some of these were started as a result of earlier initiatives within the World Climate Programme, private sector initiatives and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Data Distribution Centre[15]). In the case of DRR, there are platforms at national, European[16] and global levels. Most of which have been implemented in response to policy initiatives at the European and global levels, such as within the UN Hyogo Framework for Action).

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1.3.2        Funding models

There are a variety of funding models supporting the development and delivery of the different adaptation platforms, related to the different legal basis and mandate of the respective platform (see table 1.3.2). A number of the national and transnational platforms were developed using project funding. For example, national project funding was used to develop platforms in Austria, Germany, Ireland, and Poland. Some platforms were also partially supported by EU funds such as through Interreg programmes for the transnational platforms for the Pyrenees and C3-Alps. In these cases, the funding has been time limited with implications for the scope of the services developed. Climate-ADAPT functional developments were and still are being supported through project funding by DG CLIMA, while the content updating and the maintenance is based on EEA staff and budget. Many of the platforms are funded by the respective ministry of the environment solely or in conjunction with the respective meteorological services (see Table 1.3.4).

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To better understand and support learning from different approaches three funding models, based on those being used by the different platforms, were identified during the EEA Expert workshop on climate adaptation platforms (23rd June 2014):

  1. Research or project driven often used for proof of concept and development stages (e.g., Austria, Ireland, Pyrenees and Alpine Region);
  2. funding based on policy support (e.g., Denmark, Norway and Sweden); and
  3. policy-mandated funding (e. g., France, Switzerland and UK; Gov.uk).

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Some platforms (e.g., Austria, Finland, Germany and The Netherlands) were developed using project funds, but are now primarily policy-support funded. Project-based funding provides mostly short-term funding. Dependence on this type of funding for operations and further development can be challenging (see section 2.1), whereas policy-supported and-mandated can provide a longer-term perspective, but the fund can be either short- or long-term. These models have not been elaborated in more detail. They have been included to help understand the implications for developing and managing adaptation platforms. More information on challenges and possible approaches regarding the funding of platforms can be found in section 2.

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Although platform development is considered as a national task, since the end of 2014, EU funding is available that can be used for the development of a platform. Potential future sources of funding at the EU-level for national and transnational climate adaptation platforms are described in the 2013 EU Adaptation Strategy with the main three identified being:

  • Climate Action under the LIFE instrument;
  • H2020 with DG CLIMA wanting to influence the 2016-2017 H2020 programme planning (focus on interfaces - information providers versus adaptation actors); and
  • Mainstreaming CCA in the EU budget, related to EU Policies and Europe 2020. 
  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:06:30

    Jelena Milos - DG CLIMA also provided (and will do so) support through project funding for dissemination activities, in addition to functional developments.

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:06:57

      Addressed - text added

      Jelena Milos - DG CLIMA also provided (and will do so) support through project funding for dissemination activities, in addition to functional developments.

  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:13:21

    Jelena Milos -

    On the paragraph:

    'Potential future sources of funding at the EU-level for national and transnational climate adaptation* platforms are described in the 2013 EU Adaptation Strategy.  The three main instruments can also fund adaptation platforms:   with the main three identified being:

    • · The sub-programme for Climate Action under the LIFE instrument;
    • · H2020 with DG CLIMA wanting to influence the 2016-2017 H2020 programme planning (focus on interfaces - information providers versus adaptation actors); and
    • · European Structural and Investment funds (ESIF) Mainstreaming CCA in the EU budget, related to EU Policies and Europe 2020.'

     

    *This is incorrect somewhat.  Funding sources for adaptation are identified in the Strategy, not specifically for platforms.  I have suggested rewording it to clarify.

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:13:43

      Addressed - changes made to text

      Jelena Milos -

      On the paragraph:

      'Potential future sources of funding at the EU-level for national and transnational climate adaptation* platforms are described in the 2013 EU Adaptation Strategy.  The three main instruments can also fund adaptation platforms:   with the main three identified being:

      • · The sub-programme for Climate Action under the LIFE instrument;
      • · H2020 with DG CLIMA wanting to influence the 2016-2017 H2020 programme planning (focus on interfaces - information providers versus adaptation actors); and
      • · European Structural and Investment funds (ESIF) Mainstreaming CCA in the EU budget, related to EU Policies and Europe 2020.'

       

      *This is incorrect somewhat.  Funding sources for adaptation are identified in the Strategy, not specifically for platforms.  I have suggested rewording it to clarify.

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The European Commission has developed factsheets providing guidance on the potential for each fund to finance climate change adaptation[17].

  • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:15:54

    Jelena Milos -

    'The European Commission has developed factsheets providing guidance on the potential for each fund to finance climate change adaptation'   -  This is for ESIF  funds only.

    • streerog (Roger Street) 07 Apr 2015 17:16:20

      Addressed - Change made to text

      Jelena Milos -

      'The European Commission has developed factsheets providing guidance on the potential for each fund to finance climate change adaptation'   -  This is for ESIF  funds only.

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Climate-KIC funds adaptation projects, including adaptation platforms[18]. The approach being taken is based on recognition that difficulty in incorporating knowledge into investment decisions is due to widely dispersed information, limited understanding of involved uncertainties, and the still underdeveloped expertise of translating climate data into concrete impact chains for different sectors. This approach, focusing on businesses and innovation, is based on recognition of the need to take the available knowledge and translating it into concrete services and solutions further downstream on the required decisions and actions.

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Table 1.3.5       Funding models and sources for adaptation platforms

Adaptation Platform

Funding Source

National

Austria

Created using project funds (Ministry of Environment); updated in January 2013 using funds from the Austrian Climate and Energyfonds

Denmark

Funded by the Ministry of the Environment, maintained by the Danish Nature Agency

Finland

Originally developed with support from Life+ EU funding. Maintained jointly by the Finnish Meteorological Institute and the Finnish Environment Institute with substance contributions from Aalto University and other research institutes. Funding partly based on external projects for developing the portal.

 

France

Funded and maintained by Ministère de l’Ecologie du Développement durable et de l’Energie

Germany

Anpassung.net  – Created through projects funded by the Federal Ministry of the Environment; maintenance funded by UBA with the platform integrated into the Environment Federal Agency website

Hungary

Ministry of National Development

Ireland

Development stage funded by Ireland’s Environment Protection Agency with options for funding and sustaining an operational platform under exploration

Spain

Funds for development and operations provided by the OECC (budget of the Ministry of Environment) and external funding is being sought to support further development

The Netherlands

Development was funded by the Delta programme together with the Knowledge for Climate programme. These two programmes, both funded by the government, commissioned the development of the platform

Norway

Annual financial support from the Ministry of Climate and Environment

Poland

Initially funded through the KLIMADA project during which it was managed and administered by the Institute of Environmental Protection, but now the maintenance and all changes are funded by the Ministry of the Environment with the platform operating as part of the Ministry’s servers.  The platform is considered/linked to specific project funding (for updating and adding new material)

Switzerland

Platform is part of the Federal Office for the Environment website and budget

Sweden

Funding (5 years until 2015) is provided to support the Knowledge Centre with no funds specifically targeted for the portal.

United Kingdom

Gov.uk Developed, managed and funded by the UK government

UKCIP Funded by Defra until 2012 and subsequently by UKCIP and the Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University. 

Climate Ready Support Service and its delivery through partner organisations is funded by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) on behalf of the UK Government.

Trans-national

Pyrenees

Funding is mainly project-based and is dependent on external funding. It also counts on funding from the 8 territories included in the Working Community of the Pyrenees.

Alpine Region

Developed by the C3-Alps project, coordinated by the Environment Agency Austria and co-funded by the Alpine Space programme through the European Regional Development – European Territorial Cooperation 2007-2013. Decision regarding long-term future financing expected in 2015.

European

Climate-ADAPT

EEA is hosting the platform while the further functional developments are funded by the European Commission. The Commission also indirectly funds content through contracts (DG CLIMA) or other EU funds (Interreg, research). The content updating is done by the EEA, supported by the European Topic Centre on Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation (ETC CCA) funded by the EEA.

  • ruggejos (Jose Ramón Picatoste Ruggeroni) 30 Mar 2015 13:28:17

    Funding for adapteCCa came from the Ministry budget but not specifically from OECC budget, so we suggest to remove "by the OECC"  

  • downicla (Clare Downing) 01 Apr 2015 13:30:46

    Addressed.

    Text in the table now reads:

    'Funds for development and operations were provided from the budget of the Ministry of Environment'

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