2.1 Improvements in monitoring and assessment

With the second RBMPs, the quantity and quality of the available evidence on status and pressures has grown significantly. Many Member States and river basin districts (RBDs) have invested in new or better ecological and chemical monitoring programmes, with a greater number of monitoring sites and the inclusion of more chemicals and quality elements. Surface waters and groundwater have been monitored at around 190 000 monitoring sites. In the second RBMPs, this has resulted in both a marked reduction in the proportion of water bodies with unknown status and clearly increased confidence in status assessments.

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